The red deer (Cervus elaphus) is one of the largest deer species. The red deer inhabits most of Europe and parts of Asia. The red deer is the fourth-largest deer species behind moose, elk and sambar deer. Western European red deer, historically, grew to large size given ample food supply.
Generally, the male (stag or hart) red deer is typically 175 to 250 cm (69 to 98 in) long and weighs 160 to 240 kg (350 to 530 lb); the female is 160 to 210 cm (63 to 83 in) long and weighs 120 to 170 kg (260 to 370 lb).
Antlers typically measure 71 cm (28 in) in total length and weigh 1 kg (2.2 lb), although large ones can grow to 115 cm (45 in) and weigh 5 kg (11 lb). Antlers are made of bone which can grow at a rate of 2.5 cm (1 in) a day.